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CINENSINO: Drug Addiction Prevention Programme

Quality level: 2

Summary

The CINENSINO school programme for the prevention of drug addiction targets young people aged between 11 and 14 in the Autonomous Region of Galicia, Spain. The programme is based on sound theoretical models and is designed to work on cognitive aspects and vulnerability to drug use.

Type of intervention:
prevention
Sub-area:
universal
Setting:
school
Type of approach:
Target group:
children/young people
Age group:
11-14
Annual coverage:
624
Substances addressed:
tobacco, cannabis, opiates, alcohol, ecstasy, cocaine and derivatives, amphetamines, methamphetamines, inhalants/solvents
Evaluation type:
outcome evaluation, process evaluation
Country:
Spain
Start date:
15/10/1999
End date:

Overall objective

Prevent or delay drug use among pre-adolescents (ages 11-14) in Galicia.

Abstract

The CINENSINO Programme for the prevention of drug addiction in school has been underway in the Autonomous Region of Galicia, Spain, since October 1999, to widen the delivery of school prevention action with an intervention based on sound theoretical models and specific training for monitors, and designed to work on cognitive aspects and vulnerability to drug use in early adolescence in Galicia. Commercial films dealing with the three risk/protection factors addressed in each edition are the basic tool used in CINESINO. The programme duration is four years. GENERAL OBJECTIVE.- Enhance protection and reduce the risk of drug use by adolescents in the first two years of compulsory secondary education (pupils of ages 11-14) in Galicia.The specific objectives are: 1) encourage these youngsters' active involvement in a programme they can accept and in which they perceive that what they learn is useful for prevention and reach high levels of teacher participation. 2) Each edition focuses on three different risk factors. The following were addressed in school year 2000-2001: quest for sensations, perception of risk (invulnerability), peer pressure. METHODOLOGY. CINENSINO provides specific material for each film shown, consisting of a teacher's manual and a pupil's notebook. After viewing the picture, the workbooks are completed in a classroom environment, with discussion and reflection around the objectives of each preventive session. Teachers receive prior training in a specific on-line distance course consisting of 20 hours of theory and 12 of practical exercises. This course is accredited by the Government of Galicia's Regional Department of Education and University Structure. EVALUATION.- In academic year 200-2001, the programme was evaluated externally with a quasi-experimental design involving pre-post measurement and non-equivalent control groups. In subsequent editions the stress has been on analysing the application process and evaluating pupils' and teachers' opinions. Results: 1) Pupils showed high levels of satisfaction with the programmes. Seventy five per cent liked the activities very much or quite a lot. Seventy seven per cent felt that the activities proposed were useful for learning about drug use prevention. Pupil participation rates in the group activities were high: 57% felt participation was high or very high, and 31% felt it was average. Finally, 62% judged the teacher's role to be appropriate. 2) When Cinensino is the only preventive action taken in the school, only discreet change in the anticipated direction is observed for variables such as belief in invulnerability and attitudes towards the quest for sensations and peer pressure. Certain methodological problems encountered in the evaluation of the effect of preventive action on behaviour and attitude variables cloud the evidence. In the quasi-experimental study conducted in the 2000-01 edition, for instance, problems were identified in connection with sample size, subject drop-out and the effect of other types of intervention not co-ordinated with Cinensino, to name a few. For these reasons the following editions of the programme have stressed evaluation of the implementation process to ensure internal consistency.

The PDF contains the full intervention description including additional contact information.